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Speech Sound Disorders/
Articulation Therapy

Kids develop sounds in typical patterns/ways across a young age. 

Sometimes sounds are late, are substituted for another sound, or are completely missing, among other things. 

These may be called:

Articulation Errors

Speech Sound Disorders

Late Talkers/ Speech Delayed

Phonological Disorders

Childhood Apraxia of Speech

A phonological disorder is when a group of sounds are in error. Think of /k/ and /g/ sounds (cup, gum) becoming sounds made at the front of the mouth like /t/ and /d/ (tup, dum.) There are a variety of phonological processes. These occur regularly in young children as their phonological system develops--it becomes an issue if patterns persist past a certain age. 

An assessment can assist in determining what's normal, what's not, and what we can do about it. 

Sounds by 4 years old:
p, b, t, d, k, g, m, n,
-ng, f, h, y, w

Sounds by 5 years old:
v, s, z, sh, l, ch, j

Sounds by 7 years old:
th, r

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